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Journal of Competitiveness

Attitude toward Advertising in General and Attitude toward a Specific Type of Advertising – A First Empirical Approach

Dianoux Christian, Linhart Zdeněk, Vnoučková Lucie

Keywords:
attitude toward advertising, attitude toward advertising in general, hard and soft sell, religion, Germany, Ukraine, USA

Abstract
The paper examines based on international research the differences between results of studies focused on consumers’ attitude toward advertising. The aim of this paper is to show that it is possible to find situations where the influence of attitudes towards specific ads in general (ASG) on attitudes toward advertising (Aad) can be observed and also it is possible to find no influence of attitudes toward ads in general (AG) on Aad. The paper shows that the problem comes from the definition of AG. The experiments described in this paper detect attitudinal differences toward advertising in general among studied nations depending on the type of advertising. The research encompasses respondents from three countries with different economic and cultural backgrounds (Germany, Ukraine and USA). The data were collected based on a quantitative survey and experiment among university students. The results show that the concept of AG is in some cases too broad. Differences between AG were confirmed between Ukraine and other countries. The respondents from Germany are according to AG more pessimistic and the respondents from the USA are more optimistic. This disparity was explained by a significant difference in Orthodox and Atheist religion compared to the other religions.

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10.7441/joc.2014.01.06


Dianoux Ch., Linhart Z., Vnoučková L. (2014). Attitude toward Advertising in General and Attitude toward a Specific Type of Advertising – A First Empirical Approach. Journal of Competitiveness, 6 (1), 87-103 http://doi.org/10.7441/joc.2014.01.06 
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